Ingredient Page

Yerba Mate


Scientific Name: 
Illex paraguariensis Saint Hilaire
Family: 
Aquifoliaceae

Yerba mate or yerba-mate (Br.) (Spanish: yerba mate, Portuguese: erva-mate), Ilex paraguariensis, is a species of holly (family Aquifoliaceae) native to subtropical South America in northeastern Argentina, eastern Paraguay and southern Brazil. Mate contains xanthines, which are alkaloids such as caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine, well-known stimulants also found in coffee and chocolate.

Caffeine content varies between 0.2% and 2% of dry weight (compared with 0.3–9% for tea leaves, 2.5-7.5% in guarana, and up to 3.2% for ground coffee). However, caffeine is not chiral, and thus cannot have a stereoisomer, and "mateine" is an official synonym of caffeine in the chemical databases.

Mate also contains elements such as potassium, magnesium and manganese. In vivo and in vitro studies are showing yerba mate to exhibit significant cancer-fighting activity. Researchers at the University of Illinois (2005) found yerba mate to be "rich in phenolic constituents" and to "inhibit oral cancer cell proliferation" while it promoted proliferation of oral cancer cell lines at certain concentrations.

MAIN ACTIVE COMPOUND

Naturallis - Active Compound
Polyphenols

COMPOUNDS

5-o-caffeoylquinic acid, Alpha-amyrin, Alpha-terpineol, Arachidic acid, Beta-amyrin, Butyric acid, Caffeic acid, Caffeine, Calcium, Carotene, Chlorogenic acid, Choline, Chromium, Cyanidin-3-arabinoside, Cyanidin-3-glucoside, Essential oil, Eugenol, Genkwanin, Geraniol, Goniothalamicin, Homoorientin, Indole, Inulin, Iso-butyric acid, Iso-capronic acid, Iso-pteropodine, Isoblodine, Javoricin, Lauric acid, Levulose, Linalool, Linoleic acid, Matesaponins, Neochlorogenic acid, Nerolidol, Nicotinic acid, Nudicaucin c, Octan-1-ol, Octanoic acid, Oleic acid, Palmitic acid, Palmitoleic acid, Pyridoxine, Quercetin, Raffinose, Safrole, Stearic acid, Tannins, Theobromine, Theophylline, Trigonelline, Ursolic acid

CONDITIONS

Naturallis - Conditions
Bone and Joint Health
Digestive Aids
Energy Booster
Healthy Aging
Healthy Hearts
Hormone Help
Immunity Agents
Mental Health
Skin and Hair Health
Weight Management

ACTIONS

Anemia treatment, Antioxidant, Appetite suppressant, Bowels cleanser, Cardiotonic, Digestion stimulator and regulator, Diuretic, Energetic/Stimulant, Fats burner, Free radicals fighter, Hepatoprotector, Immunity enhancer, Laxative, Memory enhancer, Pain relief, Poultice for ulcers and inflammation, Stomach and bowels inflammation treatment